When you hold your little bundle of joy for the very first time in your hands, fundamentals of raising a baby flow in your mind. You will have all the experiences - good, bad, and ugly. Raising a baby is much more than snuggles and cuddles.
Lots of things happen daily from snuggling your baby to changing the diaper, feeding, bath, calming him in the middle of the night and above all managing your own personal life.
Here are the basics of raising a baby
- Feeding the newborn
As all of you know that mother’s milk is the best food for your baby, worries get away if you can breastfeed the baby exclusively for the first six months.
Breastfeeding also needs to be done carefully to take its advantage to its best for both the mother and the baby. Maintain a good posture while feeding your newborn and feed when the baby demands. Feed your baby the foremilk and the hind milk for more health benefits.
Few babies could not latch properly, so do not lose hope! Milk can be expressed every 3 hours till your baby could not suckle successfully. Say no to artificial milk. There is no magic food to give a good milk supply. To have a good milk supply consume balanced diet during your pregnancy and during the lactation period too.
- Changing the diaper
For this, you should maintain a diaper bag from the day one. It is advised to keep diapers, wet wipes, diaper rash cream (containing zinc oxide), and a clean towel or changing pad to lay down your baby safely.
Your newborn might soil up to 10 to 11 diapers a day. You need to check the diaper before and after each nap he takes and after each feed too. When the diaper is soiled, you should change it immediately to avoid rashes.
Set up a safe place to change the diaper which is comfortable for both of you and keep things handy to maintain hygiene.
- Taking your newborn for vaccination
Immunization against diseases is generally safe. Fever and little pain are the most common post effects of vaccinations which can be controlled by a dose of paracetamol prescribed by the pediatrician. Avoid baby massage after vaccination for 72 hours.
Always follow the vaccination calendar given by your doctor. The vaccine schedule which is recommended and designed by the experts provide the best possible protection to your baby.
- Putting your newborn off to sleep
The major worry for the new parents is their child’s sleep. It takes time to understand the sleep pattern of your baby as it is different for all the babies.
According to experts, you should set a bedtime routine possibly by 6 to 8 weeks. Dim the lights and turn down the noise about 30 minutes before the bedtime. It helps you to set the internal clock of your baby. Expose your baby to a bright light during the daytime. Do not keep up too late.
Other calming rituals can also be followed such as baby massage, a warm bath, softly spoken stories or lullabies. If you will carry out the same activities, the baby will get to know what to expect every night.