A baby is born with all the five senses which he uses to explore the world around him. He reacts to everything around him, takes in information, seeks nutrition, taste and of course bonds with people around him. All five senses are fully developed at the time of birth but there are a few things which you can do to stimulate his senses.
Five Senses of a newborn
Initially, the vision is fuzzy and a newborn can only see 8 to 12 inches away. He is able to see the shapes and shades such as big or small, dark or bright. The baby could track the moving objects by the age of 4 months. Now, he can see farther too. By 6 months he can also see colors around him.
If you want to talk to your baby, you should put your face close to him. This way he can see your movements. Give him chance to explore a variety of sights by taking him outdoors. Give him time to inspect and watch it thoroughly if you feel something catches his eyes.
You must have heard that a nursing mother should not eat spicy food. This is because a newborn detects the flavors of food through the breast milk. He is born with fully developed taste buds with a preference for sweets.
You can introduce a variety of foods and flavors around 6 months. Feed him a healthy diet and let him explore different tastes through the various colors and tastes in the diet. Consult your doctor about any history of food allergies in your family before introducing that particular food.
Babies can distinguish among different textures, shapes, weights, and temperatures. Initially, they do most of the touching through their mouth and later with the arms and hands.
Since a newborn mostly relies on you, cuddle him often. Your skin-to-skin touch is the best for your baby to develop a bond. Make him experience different touches by letting him feel different items on his skin such as a soft toy or a bumpy ball. When he is older, give him different toys of various sizes, shapes, and textures.
Infants learn about their environment by smell. They can recognize your scent right away and can also identify danger or comfort around them.
Avoid heavy perfumes or any fragrances in detergents or baby toiletries. Once your baby can understand your language, expose him to various light scents. Tell him what each smell is and it will build his sense of smell. It will also help to boost his development and language skills.
When a baby is born, hi shearing should have been nearly perfect. His parents’ voices are his favorite. By the end of 2 months, he will begin to mimic the sounds by cooing. By the age of 4 months, he will become a blabber.
The more you will talk to him, he will listen more and learn. Reading, singing, and talking to your baby will help him to build his personality. It will encourage bonding and encourages his language development.